28th Annual Conference of IASP
On Emerging Social Sector Programme
Environment Evolving Role of Population Scientists
June 3 7-9 2006
Proceedings of the Annual Conference at the Centre for Development
Studies Trivandrum during 7-9 June 2006
Annual Conference of the Indian Association for the Study of
Population (IASP) was inaugurated by Dr. Thomas Isaac, Hon’ble Finance
Minister of Kerala at the auditorium of Centre for Development
Studies(CDS), Trivandrum on June 7th morning 2006. The main
theme of conference is “Emerging Social Sector Programme
Environment: Role of Population Scientists”. Dr.
K.Narayana Nair, Director, CDS welcomed the participants to the
conference. In his inaugural address Dr. Thomas ISSAC gave a critical
view on the newly started National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) and
discussed the role of state policies and programmes pertaining to
health, ageing etc. His address had set the tone for the conference.
In his presidential address Prof. S.C. Gulati explained the background
of the Conference and the main theme. He further brought out some
issues of national importance like family planning ageing and
urbanization: which should have been duly emphasized in the NRHM
document. He cautioned that the importance of family Planning should
not be lost in the euphoria of the New Population Programmes like NRHM
and RCH. Dr. S. Irudaya Rajan, the Organizing Secretary of the
conference, had briefed the audience on the IASP and its activities.
Dr. Pradeep mishra, Treasurer, IASP has given the introduction of the
conference for the benefit audienceand participants. Shri CVS Prasad
proposed the vote of thanks on the inaugural session.
on Plenary Sessions and Parallel Sessions on sub-Themes:
Srinivasan chaired the first Plenary Session on “ Population and
linkages with Health, Nutrition and Environment in India” wherein 4
Panelists presented their Papers. Shri C.V.S Prasad in his paper on “Socio
Economic Determinants of Fertility in India” explained the
role of the Asset Index and Education in influencing fertility with
the help of Census/SRS data for all the states as well as district
level (for Uttaranchal and Tamil Nadu states). This was followed by
Prof. Arvind Pandey’s presentation on “Does ICDS offer an
opportunity for Preventing Micronutrient Malnutrition among children?
– An Assessment of Impact of food Fortification in Seclected States in
India”. Dr. Pandey dwelt on role of ICDS in bringing down
micronutrient malnutrition among children. He concluded that the
intervention of fortified food by ICDS has led to decline in levels of
anemia and VAD (Vit. A. Deficiency ) in the experimental block. The 3rd
panelist Prof. Chaurasia presented a Paper on “Mortality
Transitions in Urban India from 1970-2002”. His analysis
showed that female life expectancy is rising rapidly than that of
males . The changes have occurred mostly in young and old age , while
the working age group’s remained unchanged . The fourth speaker ,
Prof. S.C. Gulati focused on “ Fertility, MCH-Care and Poverty
in India”. Prof. Gulati through his simultaneous structural
analysis relationships among the variables and MCH and Contraception
variables come out strongly. He emphasized the need for contraception
in the present Population Programmes. After these presentation, the
participants have raised questions and sought clarifications from the
panelists, which were clarified by the panelists.
afternoon of the 1st day, 3 parallel sessions were held on
“Population and Linkages with Health, Nutrition and Environment in
In all 14
papers were presented and fruitful discussions had taken place in
evening of the inaugural day Prof. Mari Bhat gave the Geroge- Simmons’
Memorial Lecture on Childlessness and Infertility in Different
States of India using recent Census and NFHS Data. In an absorbing
deliberation Prof. Mari bhat has explained that childlessness and
infertility is higher in Andhra Pradesh , Tamil Nadu and Orissa. He
further pointed out that these states are historically having this
second day (June 8, 2006), began with the II Plenary Session of the
Sub-theme “ Population and Linkages with Migration , Urbanization
and Urban Health”. Prof. Gulati chaired this session and there
were four panelists. The first panelist, Dr. Shanti Johnson presented
paper on “Ageing and Health” using the data from Kerala
Ageing Survey. In her analysis , she showed that the elderly are
increasing globally. She felt that ‘ Longer Life is a Prize and
Penalty’ due to double burden of disease and disability. This was
followed by Dr. Siddarth Agarwal’s presentation on
“Urbanization, Urban Poverty and Health of Urban Poor”.
Explaining that urbanization is likely to be doubled in next 25 years.
Dr. Agarwal dwelt on 6 Challenges and 7 Action Policies . The next
panelist, Dr. K.M. Sathyanaarayana presented a paper on “Urban
Planning Prospects in India”. Dr. Sathyanarayana showed that
about 2/3 of urban people live in class I cities, which is askewed
urbanization. Touching upon INNURM and PURA, he maintained that basic
services should be provided to urban poor. The last panelist, Dr. K.
Pushpangadhan presented a paper on “ Drinking Water and
Well-being in India”. He has made use of the census data on
sources of drinking water and explained that Kerala has distinct
advantage because of handling of water by boiling. After all these
presentations, the participants have raised some queries and sought
clarification for which the panelists clarified.
panel session, 2 parallel scientific sessions were held on the
Sub-theme II: Population , Urbanization and Urban Health”. 12
papers were presented in these two sessions wherein most of the young
demographers presented their ongoing/ recently completed research
findings were presented as papers, which were followed by mind-blowing
afternoon, of the 2nd day, the 3rd Panel Session
was held on the Sub-theme III: “ Population and Gender Issues”.
Prof. Mari Bhat chaired this Session and there were 5 Panel Speakers,
Firstly , Dr. Usha Ram presented a paper on “ Gender and
Population Change”, wherein she dwelt with the conceptual
framework of gender empowerment, autonomy and equity . The second
speaker, Dr. C.P.Prakasam presented a Paper in “ Gender
selection in Accepting of Family Planning in South India”. Dr.
Prakasam’s analysis points out that gender selection has an impact on
the acceptance of family planning in South India. He also mentioned
about the female infanticide in general and also about the sex
selective abortion in Salem district of Tamilnadu in particular. The
third panelist, Dr. Mala Ramanathan spoke on the need for
Incorporating Gender and Ethics in Population Research. She
earmarked demographers studied gender diffierentials assuming the
roles of women. The next panelist, Dr. Sudesh Nangia presented a
paper on “Population and Gender – The Indian Perspective”.
Dr. Nangia gave a comprehensive sketch of the gender related
priorities through all the Five Year Plans of India. The fifth speaker
of the Panel, Dr.James presented a paper on “Demographic
Transition and Pattern of Migration in Kerala”. He explained
that there was large-scale migration in 1980s and 1990s and it is
perpetuating. He also showed that there is concentration of migration
from only two districts. The session came to an end, after a fruitful
discussion amongst the participants and the panelists.
panel session, one scientific session was held on the Sub-theme II:
“Population and Gender Issues” and another Scientific Session was
a Special one on Kerala. While 6 papers were presented in the
former one, 5 papers were presented in the latter one. Absorbing
discussions among participants and paper presenters followed both the
to the academic deliberations, in the evening of 2nd day,
the members of IASP met in its General Body to discuss the
administrative and management issues in an elaborate manner. A
cultural programme wherein the glimpses of Bharathanatyam and
Mohiniattam were performed followed this. All the participants have
enjoyed these greatly and gave a thunderous applause and appreciation
for the artists.
and final day (June 9, 2006) started with the Plenary Session on
“Population and Education & Employment” which was chaired by Prof.
S.C. Gulati. These speakerspresented their papers in this session.
Firstly, Prf. K. Srinivasan presented a paper on “Non-workers
seeking work in India- Trends and Differentials”. Based on the
analysis of data from 1991 an 2001 Censuses, Dr. Srinvasan has
explained that there is an increase of unemployment and those seeking
work among non-workers (SWNW) has risen by four folds. He lamented
about the swelling numbers of graduate unemployed. The second speaker
of the panel . Dr. Bhagat presented paper on “Change in
Structure of Workforce in 1990s”. He analyzed the data from
55th round of NSS and 2001 Census and thereby, came to the
conclusion that the growth rate of employment has decreased in the
post-reform period. He also dwelt on the paradox of increase in
employment of urban females and also the unemployment of this
category. The third speaker on this panel, Dr. Audinarayana presented
his views on “ Does Government Health Facilities Losing their
Charm in Extending MCH Servicing? A Critical Review of Studies from
Tamil Nadu”. Based on the studies conducted in the recent
past, he came to the conclusion that people in Tamil Nadu are slowly
leaning towards private health facilities, in spite of they are
costlier. This is because of perceived quality of services and grater
satisfaction derived by using services from private health centres.
All the papers were well received and there was a fruitful discussion.
At the end of this session, 2 more presenters made their presentations
on the Sub-theme IV: “ Population and Education and Employment” .
Both the papers were interesting.
One of the
important aspects of this Conference was organization of a Special
Plenary Session on Kerala under the chairmanship of Dr. K.C.
Zachariah. Four scholars presented their papers in this session.
Firstly, Dr. Vijayanunni highlighted the Demographic and
Socio-economic Background of Kerala in addition to transport,
pollution, water shortage, resources, dependency ratios, etc. Next
presentation was by Dr. C. R. Soman on “ Demographic Changes and
Disease burden in Kerala”. Based on astudy of cause of death
among people of selected panchayat in Trivandrum around 2001 he
concluded that by and large, the life style diseases are on increase.
He supported this contention with some data for the diseases like
hyoertension, heart attacks, diabetes, cancer, etc. Dr. Devika,
presented her views on “Child Rearing Practices in 21st
Century in Kerala”. She highlighted child rearing has become
now a days as Child Crafting. The last presented of this session, Dr.
Ajit Kumar, focused on “HIV in Kerala”. He broadly
presented the HIV scenario in Kerala followed by economic cost of HIV.
Migrants are the major ones to spread HIV rather than sex workers.
This session came to an end with an absorbing discussion of
At the end
of the Special Plenary session on Kerala, another Special
Scientific Session on Kerala was held wherein 4 concise
presentations have been made by young scholars from Kerala state.
afternoon of June 9,2006, Valedictory Session had been conducted for
which the Chairperson was Dr. M. Vijayanunni, Former Secretary, Govt.
of Kerala and the Guest of Honor was Dr. K.C. Zachariah. Dr. S.C
Gulati in his opening remarks pointed out that the three-days
conference had been conducted successfully with the funding from UNFPA,
New Delhi, Dept. of Family Welfare, Govt. of India and with the
co-operation of the Centre for Development Studies. Trivandrum. Dr.
Vijayanunni gave his Valedictory address, Later Dr. N. Audinarayana
presented the Summary of Proceedings of the Conference. This session
came to an end with the Vote of Thanks by Mr. CVS. Prasad, General
Secretary, IASP. In all, the three-days IASP Annual Conference had
been organized very well and Conference had been made successful and
fruitful for the programme managers and policy makers as well as for
researchers and academicians.